While FreeNAS will install and boot on nearly any bit x86 PC or virtual machineselecting the correct hardware is highly important to allowing FreeNAS to do what it does best: protect your data. These guidelines will help you select or purchase the appropriate hardware for your use case, performance needs, and the importance of your data.
These specifications are the bare minimum requirements to run a small FreeNAS system with baseline performance for users. These are the specifications for a home media server or small office file share that will have the minimum resources required to support up to 8 drives and run third party services plugins, jails, VMs and provide respectable performance.
The FreeNAS Mini is designed to these specifications and available from iXsystems as a prebuilt and professionally-designed system. These are the specifications for a higher-end system, beyond eight drives. You will notice that there is more variability in the recommendations here since the systems will need to be configured to meet the requirements of the specific use case, application, and performance, or reliability need.
This requires a modern web browser on a separate computer on the same network as the FreeNAS device. When done correctly, RAID is what allows you to combine disk drives while providing the necessary protection against disk failure. If you want to add additional disks beyond what the motherboard supports, Host Bus Adapters HBAs are recommended instead. The recommendations below should be adjusted to your individual use case. For example, while workgroup and backup servers are generally capacity-oriented, media and virtualization storage servers are typically more performance-oriented.
Minimum Hardware Requirements: These specifications are the bare minimum requirements to run a small FreeNAS system with baseline performance for users. Recommended Minimum Hardware: These are the specifications for a home media server or small react audio visualizer file share that will have the minimum resources required to support up to 8 drives and run third party services plugins, jails, VMs and provide respectable performance.
One or two Intel bit multicore processors. More Information For a comprehensive guide describing these requirements, along with the reasons behind each recommendation, please paano tayo makakatulong upang maiwasan ang kawalan ng trabaho the Official FreeNAS Hardware Guide.From repurposed systems to highly-custom builds, fundamental freedom of FreeNAS is the ability to run it on nearly any x86 computer.
In celebration of the upcoming FreeNAS Have something to add? Please submit it in this forum thread! Storage Device Considerations. The FreeNAS community has a rich ecosystem of advice when it comes to the art and science of choosing the ideal hardware for their favorite storage operating system. At the heart of any storage system is the symbiotic pairing of its file system and its physical storage devices.
The ZFS file system in FreeNAS provides the best available data protection of any filesystem at any cost and makes very effective use of both spinning disk and all-flash storage, or a mix of the two. ZFS is fully prepared for the eventual failure of storage devices and is highly-configurable to achieve the perfect balance of redundancy and performance to meet any storage goal.
Recommended HBA, what plays nice with ZFS
A properly-configured FreeNAS system can tolerate the failure of multiple storage devices and even its boot media which can be quickly re-created with a copy of the configuration file. Choosing storage media is the first step in designing the storage system to meet immediate objectives and prepare for future capacity expansion. Until the next unforeseen scientific breakthrough in storage media, spinning hard disks are here to stay, thanks to their balance of capacity and cost.
The arrival of double-digit terabyte consumer and enterprise drives has provided more choices to FreeNAS users than ever. SATA disks first arrived offering double-digit gigabyte capacities and have since been produced to meet a myriad of capacity, reliability, and performance goals. While consumer desktop SATA disks are not as problematic as they used to be in terms of overall reliability, they are still not designed or warrantied for continuous operation or use in RAID groups.
WD drives are known among the iXsystems Community Forum as the preferred hard drives for FreeNAS builds due to their exceptional quality and reliability.
SAS systems are designed for data center storage applications and therefore have accurate, verbose error handling, predictable failure behavior, reliable hot swapping, and have the added feature of multipath support. Multipath access means that each drive has two interfaces and can be connected to either two storage controllers, or one controller over two cables. NL-SAS drives are also robust enough to handle the rigors of systems with more than 16 disks.
Enterprise SAS disks were the traditional heavy-lifters of the enterprise storage industry and are built for maximum performance and reliability that a spinning platter can provide. While SAS drives may sound like the ultimate answer for high-performance storage, the many consumer and enterprise flash-based options that have come onto the market have significantly reduced the competitiveness of SAS drives.
Flash storage technology has made significant progress in recent years, enabling a revolution in mobile devices and the rise of flash storage in general-purpose PCs and servers. Unlike hard disks, flash storage is not sensitive to vibration and can be significantly faster with comparable reliability.
Flash storage remains more expensive per gigabyte but is finding many ways into FreeNAS systems as that price gap continually narrows. While it was originally limited to expansion-card form factors such as PCIe and M. Note that NVMe devices can run quite hot and may require dedicated heat sinks. In a hybrid configuration, large-capacity spinning disks store the data, while DRAM and flash act as hyper-fast read and write caching.
On the read side, flash can be used as a level two adaptive replacement read cache L2ARC to keep the hottest data sets on the faster flash media.
A SLOG device need not be large as it only needs to service five seconds of data writes delivered by the network or a local application. A high-endurance, low-latency device between 8 GB and 32 GB in size is adequate for most modern networks, and multiple devices can be striped or mirrored for either performance or redundancy.
Paying attention to the published endurance claims of the device is imperative, since a SLOG will be the funnel point for a majority of the writes made to the system.
It is also vital that a SLOG device has power protection.Keep reading! This post is almost a year over due. This is by no means a definitive guide on how to build a reliable network attached storage server. I made choices relevant to my use case, yours might be different. Backups were already part of my setup by using Backblaze.
This was great because it allowed me to use unlimited backup data for a fixed price. Every new phone has a better camera, and I like to shoot in the best quality available. Not to mention 4k video at 60fps…. Before I would automatically backup media on my phone to Dropbox, because that was convenient.
But with a 5GB limit I would often be reminded to either upgrade or clean up some files, which means manually moving older photos and videso from Dropbox to my trusty 3TB hard drive. I have not kept track on how many disks failed on me, but is has happened on a few occassions. Backblaze to the rescue! The reality is, disks fail. Plex is a great solution, but it works best if you media are available when you need them.
Having to be at home and turn on your computer to watch something is a nuisance. Many of my friends have one and they seem to be happy with them.
Of course, I could not run to a local electronics store and buy just any storage server. First I had to write down what I wanted out of this system. What I had to figure out is what NAS solutions are available to me, and which one is most suitable for my usecase. They do come with a few major drawbacks for me. They are not or minimally upgradeable.
With room for four drives, it already felt limited. I want it to be expandable.
The Intel Celeron J quad core 1. Also the vendor lock-in is not very appealing.
The hardware can be very powerfull, but comes at a cost too. Space and noise are two considerations. This enterprise hardware is made for use in datacenters where noise is not much of an issue. Having to mod a case to be silent would be a major effort. This left me to find the middle ground: consumer grade hardware, but with special, preferably open source, software. It was awesome.
Time to go shopping! I always try to find the best value for money, so these choices were not always directly obvious.
I was happy with the performance of my Intel iK and I looked for something comparable in a newer generation. It also on the osx86 compatibility list, so if I need to, I could run macos on this board. I wanted decent memory but without all the RGB madness. There is a point to be made for the benefits of ECC memory.Trans-Global Solutions, Inc. TGS a leading provider of transportation, comprehensive railroad and heavy civil construction services. Our diverse capabilities include terminal development and operations, engineering and design, earthwork and new construction, track inspection and maintenance, 3rd party switching, locomotive leasing, and rail car storage, cleaning, and repair.
We recognize that industry today moves at lightning speed, and with TGS as your partner, you have access to the resources, equipment, experience, and trained personnel needed to mobilize quickly and keep you on track and moving forward around the clock.
Your transportation network and its functionality is at the heart of the daily operation of your business. Here at TGS, we are committed to improving that network and meeting your needs, large and small.
Please explore our broad range of services and discover how TGS can help you stay on track for success. Please visit our job board by clicking here to view and apply for any open positions or to submit a general application.
See more pictures here. Locomotive Leasing. Track Maintenance. Third-party Switching. Rail Car Storage. About Us. News Keep up-to-date on all TGS news. January 07th Massive Houston-area industrial park sold Read more Find out more Careers At TGS we are proud to offer career opportunities in the growing railroad industry.
Photo Gallery See more pictures here.The fact that it uses a popular enterprise file system and it is free means that it is extremely popular among IT professionals who are on constrained budgets.
At STH we test hundreds of hardware combinations each year.
From this experience, we are going to keep a running log of the best FreeNAS hardware components. We are going to focus this guide on FreeNAS servers with under 30 storage devices and will periodically update the listing.
Some platforms have only 6, 8 or 10 chipset ports which are not enough for many storage applications. As a result, the number of hard drives and solid state drives often exceeds motherboard ports. At that point, it is time to look at add-in cards to increase the number of available ports in a system. Our general guidance is to use the newest and highest port count HBAs you can find. Skip anything that is SAS1 only. That includes chassis with SAS1 expanders as well. Previous generations of cards also had issues with larger hard drives so stick to newer controllers.
Anything older e. They are not SAS 2 6. The SAS is an interesting case. The primary issue with the SAS is speed. It was designed in a time where hard drives dominated. The new SAS series controllers have the least testing time on them. Following recommendations from search results yielded no fix. If you only require 8 or fewer ports, get the SAS generation cards. What happens when you need to have more than one chassis?What's new New posts New resources Latest activity.
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I'm trying to work within the hardware they have currently and this appears to be my best option. Thanks for your help. Ericloewe Not-very-passive-but-aggressive Moderator. Joined Feb 15, Messages 16, What hardware are we talking about specifically? I can give more specifics if needed. HoneyBadger Mushroom! Joined Feb 6, Messages 2, It only has RAID 0 capability, cannot do 1, 5, 10, etc. I will confirm there is a passthrough option.
FreeNAS is the simplest way to create a centralized and easily accessible place for your data. FreeNAS is used everywhere, for the home, small business, and the enterprise. ZFS is an enterprise-ready open source file system, RAID controller, and volume manager with unprecedented flexibility and an uncompromising commitment to data integrity.
It eliminates most, if not all of the shortcomings found in legacy file systems and hardware RAID devices. Once you go ZFS, you will never want to go back. The Web Interface simplifies administrative tasks. Snapshots of the entire filesystem can be made and saved at any time. Access files as they were when the snapshot was made. Employ the Replication feature to send Snapshots over the network to another system for true offsite disaster recovery.
Build a personal FreeNAS file server for your home. Protect mission critical data and eliminate downtime with high availability options. I love the jail setup. I love the web interface. So much good stuff. You made my professional life better.
I appreciate your work. FreeNAS leaves you feeling secure in the knowledge that anyone can operate its web interface, but you can still benefit from the power of the command line.
They had an existing NAS system that was not being used to its potential. After I rebuilt their back-up system using FreeNAS, their workflow improved by probably 5 times what they were able to do do previously. Tim Nagle Creative Integrations. Uploading my music, pictures, videos, and documents — done. Sharing my uploads with my PS3, smart TV, and tablet — done. I have barely scratched the surface of what FreeNAS can do because it has been doing everything I want it to do.
FreeNAS has helped build our virtualization platform to this effect and has provided us with a very flexible system through with a ROI not matched by any competitor on either the Open-Source or Closed-Source market.
Rob Fauls Southern Freight Administrator. Shane Kirk Software Engineer. Still Open. Still Free. Ready for a sneak peak? What is FreeNAS? What is ZFS? Web Interface The Web Interface simplifies administrative tasks. Snapshots Snapshots of the entire filesystem can be made and saved at any time. Replication Employ the Replication feature to send Snapshots over the network to another system for true offsite disaster recovery.